The 5 Principles of Krav Maga

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Krav Maga is a brutal form of self-defense.  It is a martial art developed and designed for the specific purpose of improving hand to hand combat for the Israeli Defense Forces.  The modern martial art utilizes techniques combined from various traditional martial arts like karate, judo, wrestling, aikido, boxing, and tae kwon do.

Krav Maga was first conceived from street-fighting skills by Hungarian-Israeli martial arts master Imi Lichtenfeld.  Lichtenfeld has gained training as both a boxer and a wrestler and used techniques from these forms as a basis for Krav Maga. Of course, he then combined what he felt best served his philosophy, from other forms of martial arts in an effort to develop a form of self-defense that could protect the Jewish community as a whole from fascist groups stemming from Bratislava and Czechoslovakia, between 1930 and 1940.

The martial art of Krav Maga follows a few simple principles at its core:

PRINCIPLE #1:  Neutralize the Threat

 This is, primarily, at the core of all AcadémieFrontenac.com martial arts and self-defense techniques.  It is not necessarily about inflicting pain or “winning” a fight. The idea is to stop someone from attacking and Krav Maga—which can be brutally powerful if necessary—focuses more on avoiding conflict at all costs.

PRINCIPLE #2:  Avoid Injury

One of the reasons Krav Maga teaches avoidance of conflict is that it also reduces the risk for injury.  Defending yourself from an attacker and immobilizing the threat—while avoiding injury—makes it easier to escape.

PRINCIPLE #3:  Attack and Defend At the Same Time

Krav Maga focuses largely on efficiency.  The hope is to neutralize an attack not just be avoiding conflict but by attacking while defending—or, perhaps, reversing an attacker’s power or speed or movement so that you avoid the attack and also damage the attacker.  The hope, again, is that you can quickly stop the attacker from pursuing, so that you can escape.

PRINCIPLE #4:  Take Advantage of Vulnerabilities

The easiest way to prevent someone from attacking [repeatedly] is not to return fire, so to speak. The easiest way is to focus on taking advantage of their exposed vulnerabilities.  A swift chop to the throat or a punch to the solar plexus, for example, makes it hard to breath.  A kick to the groin, obviously, can quickly destabilize an attacker.  You can break a finger or crush their foot to incapacitate them, etc.

PRINCIPLE #5: Be Aware of Your Environment

Finally, Krav Maga encourages the use of your environment to incapacitate an attacker.  From sticks and stones to household items, Krav Maga trains fighters to have a heightened awareness of their surroundings for the specific purpose of looking for possible weapons.

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